References for the Food Strategy Action Plan 2018-2023
The references below are for the Brighton and Hove Food Strategy Action Plan 2018-2023, and explain the sources of information for the statistics quoted on page 7 of the Strategy.
Diet-related ill health
“Treating diet-related diseases costs the NHS in Brighton & Hove £80 million a year.”
The Brighton & Hove JSNA 2015 stated “The estimated direct cost to the local NHS of diseases related to overweight/obesity was £78.1million in 2010 rising to £83.5million by 2015”.
“Children living in the most deprived parts of Brighton and Hove are 12 times more likely to be obese at Year 6 than children living in the least deprived parts.”
From Brighton & Hove City Council: Weight Management Services specification 1st April 2018 – 31st March 2021, published 2017 (p.5), relating to 2015/6 data. Full document no longer publicly available but quoted on page 94 of the accompanying Health & Wellbeing Board papers.
We have also been provided with more recent figures – For Year 6 children, the prevalence of obesity in the most deprived decile of the city is 20%, compared to 2% prevalence in the least deprived decile. Meaning that obesity prevalence is ten times higher in the most deprived parts of the city compared to the least deprived.
National Child Measurement Programme data 2018/19, NHS digital. Provided by Public Health Intelligence, BHCC.
Food poverty and inequalities
“One in five people in the city don’t feel they have enough money to meet their basic living costs, including food.”
The JSNA on Food Poverty, Diet and Health (2019) shows this figure has remained around 1/5 since 2014.
According to the 2018 Brighton & Hove City Tracker Survey two in three residents (66%) stated they will have enough money to meet basic living costs during the next 12 months: one in five (21%) disagreed (including 8% who strongly disagree) and don’t feel they will be able to meet basic living costs after paying for housing.
“In 2018 there are 17 food banks in the city together supplying 358 parcels a week. This is a 25% increase on 2014 figures. 75% of food banks report an increase in demand over the last year.”
The JSNA on Food Poverty Diet and Health (2019) stated the number of food banks has increased from 13 to 17 with food parcels increasing from 266 to 358 (between 2014 and 2018).
Our most recent report (2019) finds that there are 21 organisations distributing an estimated 420 food parcels per week in Brighton & Hove. 50% perceived a large increase in demand, 29% perceived a small increase in demand (79% perceived an increase in demand).
Food waste and ecological footprint
“In Brighton and Hove, 30,000 tonnes of food a year is wasted by businesses, and 39,000 by households.”
These figures are (a) inaccurate and (b) old and need updating! The household figure should have read 30,965 tonnes.
It was estimated by BHFP for the 2015 leaflet: ‘Reducing your Carbon Foodprint’ using the following methodology:
- The estimated amount of household food waste in the UK for 2015 was 7.3 million tonnes or 112.6kg per person per year (according to WRAP Household Food Waste in the UK, 2015).
- Multiplied by the population of Brighton & Hove (275,000 at the time), roughly equating to 30,965 tonnes total household food waste.
If quoting household waste, please use the correct figure of 30,965 tonnes. We are not sure where the error has occurred, as we no longer have the original leaflet, but in any case, it is out of date and we look forward to bringing you a more up-to-date figure soon (get in touch if you can help).
“26% of the city’s ecological footprint (the amount of land and resources we use) relates to food.”
A One Planet Framework for Brighton & Hove (2011) stated food is 26% of consumption breakdown.
“Brighton and Hove has one of the lowest levels of housing affordability of all UK cities, with the average house price nearly 11 times the average salary.”
“Local spending is worth four times more to a neighbourhood than cash paid to a multinational.”
“44,294 people in Brighton and Hove are living alone.”
From the Brighton & Hove Census (2011).
“41% of older people in the city live alone compared to 31% nationally.”
“The city council owns 4,400 hectares of farmland (most in the South Downs National Park), yet very little of this is used to produce food for the city.”
From Brighton and Hove Sustainability Action Plan (2015-17).
“About a third of the UK’s food supply comes from EU Member States. There is uncertainty about the impact of Brexit on food prices. A KPMG study estimated that a ‘Great British Breakfast’ (a fried breakfast) would rise in price by up to 12%.”
House of Lords (2018) stated that 30% of imported food comes from the EU.
KPMG (2017) stated there will be a 12.8% increase in basket cost.